Figures are typically read from the bottom up, so captions go below the figure and are left-justified.The most important consideration for figures is simplicity.Tables are typically used to present raw data, not when you want to show a relationship between variables. They come in the form of graphs, charts, drawings, photos, or maps.
Figures are typically read from the bottom up, so captions go below the figure and are left-justified.
When using numerical data with decimals, make sure that the decimal points line up. Tables should be labeled with a number preceding the table title; tables and figures are labeled independently of one another.
Tables should also have lines demarcating different parts of the table (title, column headers, data, and footnotes if present).
Tables are easily constructed using your word processor’s table function or a spread sheet program such as Excel.
Elements of a table include the Legend or Title, Column Titles, and the Table Body (quantitative or qualitative data). Remember that it is just as important to think about the organization of tables as it is to think about the organization of paragraphs.
In other disciplines, titles should be descriptive but short, and any explanation or interpretation of data should take place in the text.
Be sure to look up examples from published papers within your discipline that you can use as a model.Table body: This is where your data are located, whether they are numerical or textual.Again, organize your table in a way that helps the reader understand the significance of the data.It may also help to think of the title as the “topic sentence” of the table—it tells the reader what the table is about and how it’s organized.Tables are read from the top down, so titles go above the body of the table and are left-justified.Gridlines or boxes should not be included in printed versions.Tables may or may not include other elements, such as subheadings or footnotes. They may be graphs, diagrams, photos, drawings, or maps.Conventions regarding title length and content vary by discipline.In the hard sciences, a lengthy explanation of table contents may be acceptable.Traditionally, they are used to display trends and patterns of relationship, but they can also be used to communicate processes or display complicated data simply.Figures should not duplicate the same information found in tables and vice versa.