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The majority of your paper should still be your original ideas in your own words (after all, it’s your paper).And quotations are only one type of evidence: well-balanced papers may also make use of paraphrases, data, and statistics.
It is your responsibility to provide your reader with context for the quotation.
The context should set the basic scene for when, possibly where, and under what circumstances the quotation was spoken or written.
Using our Roosevelt example, if you were writing a paper on the first one-hundred days of FDR’s administration, you might follow the quotation by linking it to that topic: All quotations, just like all paraphrases, require a formal citation.
For more details about particular citation formats, see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial.
Here are a few alternative verbs, usually followed by “that”: Different reporting verbs are preferred by different disciplines, so pay special attention to these in your disciplinary reading.
If you’re unfamiliar with the meanings of any of these words or others you find in your reading, consult a dictionary before using them.This handout will help you decide when and how to quote like a pro. You have probably been told by teachers to provide as much evidence as possible in support of your thesis.But packing your paper with quotations will not necessarily strengthen your argument.One example of a quotation that adds flair: Once you’ve carefully selected the quotations that you want to use, your next job is to weave those quotations into your text.The words that precede and follow a quotation are just as important as the quotation itself.Thus, her words deserve more exposure than a paraphrase could provide. This scenario is probably most common in literature and linguistics courses, but you might also find yourself writing about the use of language in history and social science classes.If the use of language is your primary topic, then you will obviously need to quote users of that language.Avoid getting into the “he/she said” attribution rut!There are many other ways to attribute quotes besides this construction.Sometimes, in order to have a clear, accurate discussion of the ideas of others, you need to quote those ideas word for word. involvement, the wives and mothers of soldiers often noted in their diaries their fear that the war would drag on for years.Suppose you want to challenge the following statement made by John Doe, a well-known historian: If it is especially important that you formulate a counterargument to this claim, then you might wish to quote the part of the statement that you find questionable and establish a dialogue between yourself and John Doe: Historian John Doe has argued that in 1941 “almost all Americans assumed the war would end quickly” (Doe 223). There will be times when you want to highlight the words of a particularly important and authoritative source on your topic. One of your most provocative sources is a narrative written by a former slave, Harriet Jacobs.