Spurious Correlation Essays

Spurious Correlation Essays-69
In this case, age influences both reading ability and shoe size quite directly.A confounding variable can be what the actual cause of a correlation is, hence any studies must take these into account and find ways of dealing with them, usually by searching them out and trying to alter this variable directly.

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Correlation does not imply causation is the logically valid idea that events which coincide with each other are not necessarily caused by each other.

One might impugn that it is not poverty but lack of education that affects the obesity epidemic.

It does not require a mathematician to comprehend that choosing a two dollar case of Honey Buns as opposed to a six dollar bag of apples will equal more food in the refrigerator.

The reality is that cause and effect can be indirect due to a third factor known as a confounding variable — or that causality can be the reverse of what is assumed.

The assumption of causation is false when the only evidence available is simple correlation.Adults and children can acquire debauched consumption patterns because they don’t comprehend the quantity they have enthusiastically ingested.Pollan (2006) stated that “Well-designed fast food has a fragrance and flavor all its own, a fragrance and flavor only nominally connected to hamburgers or French fries or for that matter to particular food” (p. Low socioeconomic status individuals have limited access to healthy and affordable foods which sequentially contributes to obesity.(Often, several identical experiments are run with different levels of the experimental variable, such as temperature or drug dosage.) If there's still a correlation, then causation is very, very likely.The US had a top [income tax] rate of 92% in WWII and all it did was spawn such resentment that Ronald Reagan quit his day job and jumped parties to run for president 40 years later to lower it further.Two events can consistently correlate with each other but not have any causal relationship.An example is the relationship between reading ability and shoe size across the whole population of the United States.You can mix statistical examples and discussion to the degree that you wish.I recommend you send me your tentative ideas or outline in the next few days, or come to my Wednesday office hours.This essay requires showing you understand and can synthesize some of the central philosophical issues we have discussed.Since it is a philosophical essay, attention should be paid to clarifying key terms. You can raise problems and questions, give suggestions as to where purported solutions seem to leave gaps (which you might take up later), but you need not, for this essay.

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