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The writings of Enlightenment thinkers were discussed in France more than anywhere else and they greatly influenced the revolutionaries.
The First Estate was the Roman Catholic clergy, which numbered about 100,000.
The Second Estate consisted of the French nobility, which numbered about 400,000.
In France, as in most other European nations, the monarch ruled on the basis of the divine right of kings. However, the philosophies of Enlightenment thinkers made the public think differently.
Louis XV failed to overcome the financial problems facing France.
The Second Estate, or the nobles, owned about 25% of the land.
Political Causes Of The French Revolution Essay Writing The Methods Section Of A Dissertation
They were exempted from paying many taxes and were allowed to collect dues from peasants.The French Revolution is one of the most significant and famous events of world history.Lasting from 1789 to 1799, it resulted, among other things, in overthrowing the monarchy in France.There were various reasons which brought about the Revolution.These include intellectual reasons like the ideas put forward by the philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment; cultural reasons like the rise of the bourgeoisie class; political reasons like the ineffective leadership of French monarch Louis XVI; social reasons like the unjust Estates System; financial reasons like French involvement in expensive wars; and economic reasons like the rise in price of bread.This led to a severe winter in Europe in 1784 and the following summers included extreme droughts that caused poor harvests and famine.France then experienced another series of poor harvests in 17 with extreme winters.The desire of the bourgeoisie to rid themselves of feudal and royal encroachments on their personal liberty, commercial prospects and ownership of property was one of the reasons which led to the French Revolution.The Age of Enlightenment was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century.A decade of extreme weather conditions and poor harvests took a toll on the poor peasants of France, who were struggling to survive day to day.The frustration of the peasants angered them to revolt.