In 1983, David Baldus co-authored a study that found that capital punishment in Georgia since the decision in Furman v.Georgia was handed down 1972 had been applied unevenly across race.Tags: Wholesale Business PlanIdeas For Thesis PapersWrite Great EssaysWritten Argumentative EssayBest DissertationsGood Literature Review SampleThe Mla Handbook For Writers Of Research PapersCar Accident EssayGood Essay Teachers Day
Special attention is devoted to critiquing the methodological shortcomings of studies that support a nondiscrimination thesis (NDT).
The implications of these weaknesses for the race/criminal processing nexus are discussed.
residents has heightened at 10.2 in 1980 and dropped in 1984 to 7.9.
Since 1999 the rate of homicide victims have retained a steady range.
A controversy within criminology involves the extent to which race affects criminal processing.
Investigators on different sides of the issue have relied predominantly on studies of sentencing, leaving largely unexplored the less visible area of presentencing.A 1988 study by Sheldon Ekland-Olson found that in the first decade after Furman, criminal cases in Texas involving white victims were more likely to result in a death sentence than those involving either black or Hispanic victims.A 1990 Government Accountability Office analysis of 28 studies, in 82% of these studies, found that murder cases with white victims were more likely than those with black victims to result in a death sentence.The report described this relationship as "remarkably consistent across data sets, states, data collection methods, and analytic techniques." A 1995 study by Jonathan Sorensen and Donald H.Wallace found evidence of a racial bias in capital punishment in Missouri, mainly in regards to the race of the victim.In 1998, Baldus published another study which concluded that black defendants in certain types of murder cases in Philadelphia were almost four times as likely to be sentenced to death than were their white counterparts.In 1981, Gary Kleck published a literature review that declared that all states, except the Southern United States, found that African Americans were less likely than white Americans to be sentenced to death or executed.ABSTRACT Objectives: To measure the impact of hospital participation in Meaningful Use (MU) on disparities in 30-day readmissions associated with race.Study Design: A retrospective cohort study that compared the likelihood of 30-day readmission for Medicare beneficiaries discharged from hospitals participating in Stage 1 of MU with the likelihood of readmission for beneficiaries concurrently discharged from hospitals that were not participating in the initiative.People tend to see Black physical traits as directly related to criminality.The synthesis supported a strong race of victim influence.