More importantly they were intending to formulate forms of government that had intellectual integrity and gave legitimacy to the political structure after revolution and the removal of the old order.
Using scientific method they each argued from their understanding of the first principals of human interaction and both came to powerful rational conclusions.
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States or other sovereign entities could only have validity and legitimacy if their laws were consistent with these natural laws.
(notes) The view that man in the state of nature had constructed the state for his own security was not new but had been resisted by the church in favour of divine authority.You can view samples of our professional work here.Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of Law Teacher.Natural law theory held that there were immutable principals of law that existed as part of the natural world that define what is right, just and good for man.These principals were discoverable by the use of reason and all men were subject to these laws.It is used as a means of demonstrating the value of government, the grounds for political obligation and authority over a particular geographical area .The classic form of social contract theory suggests that there is a stateless society from which individual’s wish to escape by entering into a social contract.The enlightenment saw the development of social contract theory of which Hobbes and Locke were the principal exponents.The theory of social contract is essentially a morally justified agreement made amongst individuals through which an organised society is brought into existence .Thomas Hobbes (1588 1679) and John Locke (1632 1704) developed their political theories at a time of religious, political and social upheaval in England.They were archetypal enlightenment figures well acquainted with the scientific and philosophical concerns of their time.