Dreams are undoubtedly caused by conflict and are characterized by their power to bring up memories that the dreamer has forgotten, their strong use of symbolism, and their ability to reproduce repressed impressions of the dreamer's childhood (Freud, 1949, p. In addition, dreams, which are fulfillments of wishes, according to Freud (1949), are capable of bringing up impressions that cannot have originated from the dreamer's life (Freud, 1949, p. The basic objective of psychoanalysis is to remove neuroses and thereby cure patients by returning the damaged ego to its normal state (Freud, 1949, p. During analysis, a process that often takes many years, patients tell analysts both what they feel is important and what they consider to be unimportant.An aspect of analysis that has both positive and negative repercussions is transference, which occurs when patients view their analysts as parents, role models, or other figures from their past.Tags: Qualitative Research Case Study DesignPersuasive Essay On Social Networking SitesAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Internet Essay WritingAspirin CourseworkThesis Using Structural Equation ModelingMain Point Of A Thesis StatementHunter College Creative Writing Mfa
The id has the quality of being unconscious and contains everything that is inherited, everything that is present at birth, and the instincts (Freud, 1949, p. The ego has the quality of being conscious and is responsible for controlling the demands of the id and of the instincts, becoming aware of stimuli, and serving as a link between the id and the external world.
In addition, the ego responds to stimulation by either adaptation or flight, regulates activity, and strives to achieve pleasure and avoid unpleasure (Freud, 1949, p. Finally, the superego, whose demands are managed by the id, is responsible for the limitation of satisfactions and represents the influence of others, such as parents, teachers, and role models, as well as the impact of racial, societal, and cultural traditions (Freud, 1949, p. Freud states that the instincts are the ultimate cause of all behavior.
Whereas new ideas have enriched the field of psychoanalysis and techniques have adapted and expanded over the years, psychoanalysts today, like Freud, believe that psychoanalysis is the most effective method of obtaining knowledge of the mind.
Through psychoanalysis, patients free themselves from terrible mental anguish and achieve greater understanding of themselves and others.
Errors occurring in the development of the sexual function result in homosexuality and sexual perversions, according to Freud (1949, p. Freud (1949) defines the qualities of the psychical process as being either conscious, preconscious, or unconscious (p. Ideas considered to be conscious are those of which we are aware, yet they remain conscious only briefly.
Preconscious ideas are defined as those that are capable of becoming conscious.
In addition, the views of experts are reviewed, and many of the criticisms and strengths of various aspects of Freud's theory are examined and explained.
Upon consideration, the author considers psychoanalysis to be a valuable theory despite its weaknesses because it is comprehensive, serendipitous, innovative, and has withstood the test of time.
During the phallic phase, the young boy enters the Oedipus phase where he fears his father and castration while simultaneously fantasizing about sexual relations with his mother (Freud, 1949, p. The young girl, in contrast, enters the Electra phase, where she experiences penis envy, which often culminates in her turning away from sexual life altogether.
Following the phallic phase is a period of latency, in which sexual development comes to a halt (Freud, 1949, p. Finally, in the genital phase, the sexual function is completely organized and the coordination of sexual urge towards pleasure is completed.