Unfortunately, there are no hard and fast rules on how to frame your research question just as there is no prescription on how to write an interesting and informative opening paragraph.
A lot depends on your creativity, your ability to think clearly and the depth of your understanding of problem areas.
Therefore, it pays if your writing is coherent, clear and compelling. An effective title not only pricks the reader's interest, but also predisposes him/her favourably towards the proposal.
This paper focuses on proposal writing rather than on the development of research ideas. Abstract: It is a brief summary of approximately 300 words.
An ill-conceived proposal dooms the project even if it somehow gets through the Thesis Supervisory Committee.
A high quality proposal, on the other hand, not only promises success for the project, but also impresses your Thesis Committee about your potential as a researcher.
However, try to place your research question in the context of either a current "hot" area, or an older area that remains viable.
Secondly, you need to provide a brief but appropriate historical backdrop.
The introduction generally covers the following elements: Literature Review: Sometimes the literature review is incorporated into the introduction section.
However, most professors prefer a separate section, which allows a more thorough review of the literature.