Essay On Japanese Internment In Canada

Essay On Japanese Internment In Canada-72
During the period of detention, the Canadian government spent one-third the per capita amount expended by the U. By then most had chosen to begin life anew elsewhere in Canada.

During the period of detention, the Canadian government spent one-third the per capita amount expended by the U. By then most had chosen to begin life anew elsewhere in Canada.Their property had long before been confiscated and sold at a fraction of its worth.

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By the eve of Pearl Harbor, nearly 23,000 people of Japanese descent made their home in Canada, principally in British Columbia.

Three-quarters of that number were naturalized or native-born citizens.

It was, to us, the foundation of security and freedom as Canadian citizens.” Internment meant different things for different groups of people.

In addition to the wartime dispossession of property, government policies required that Japanese Canadians carry special registration cards and obey curfews, face restricted mobility and communications, and live with the constant threat of arbitrary searches of their homes.

Tensions mounted and early in 1942 the Ottawa government bowed to West Coast pressure and began the relocation of Japanese nationals and Canadian citizens alike.

While this forced resettlement mirrored the wartime policy of the American government, in Canada there were some important differences.Some 12,000 Japanese Canadians were sent by train to live in hastily constructed shacks and abandoned buildings in various parts of the BC interior: Greenwood, Sandon, Kaslo, New Denver, Rosebery, Slocan City, Bay Farm, Popoff, Lemon Creek, and Tashme.Approximately 4,000 were sent to labour on sugar beet farms in Alberta and Manitoba. The man has filled in his signature and his thumb print.And slightly over 1,000 who had sufficient funds established so-called self-supporting camps where they essentially paid for the costs of their own internment. I do not believe the Japanese are an assimilable race. Toward the war’s end, Japanese Canadians were forced to “choose” between a further uprooting to the unknown territory of Eastern Canada and exile to Japan, a country that many had never before visited. Such positions, as critics such as Tsurukichi Takemoto realized, were not merely the regrettable isolated actions of some Canadians who panicked at a time of war. Further, the proceeds of these sales were doled out as allowances to Japanese Canadians who were struggling to support themselves while interned.Tsurukichi’s letter highlights one woman’s resistance to the forced sale of her family’s property.Over the years the Nikkei had been targets of unremitting discrimination and occasional violence.When war was declared on Japan in December 1941, the cry to rid British Columbia of the Japanese menace was taken up in many quarters, including provincial and municipal government halls and influential local newspapers.In 1988, 111 years after the first Japanese entered Canada, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney formally apologized to Japanese Canadians and authorized the provision of ,000 (Cdn.) to each of the survivors of wartime detention.This web bibliography is copyrighted by the University of Washington Libraries.

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