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Ross Andersen, freelancer writer: As a feat of techno-nationalism, Gagarin's flight didn't stick.In just thirty days the trick had been repeated, and before the decade was up, Gagarin was dead of a freak jet crash, and an American flag stood on the moon [...] The Future of 21st Century Spaceflight Remains Uncertain John Logsdon, professor emeritus, George Washington University: Will humans stay close to planet Earth? What will be the compelling rationale for this century's human space exploration? [...] Before NASA's Budget Was Cut, Americans Did Exceptional Things Jim Hodges, freelance journalist: In the five decades since Yuri Gagarin's flight, American space policy has ranged from the clarity of John Kennedy to the machinations of Richard Nixon to the unfunded mandate of George W.Before he died seven years later when a training jet crashed outside of Chkalovsky Air Base, Gagarin was awarded numerous medals and honors.
However, the number of violations committed until June remains higher than two years ago.
Like many science-fiction readers of my generation, first captivated in my youth by Robert A.
While strict boundary lines are impossible, supporters of space travel usually employ three approaches, each characteristic of a different era in recent history.
In the 1950s and 1960s, there was an emphasis on philosophical arguments; in the 1970s and 1980s, a shift towards practical or economic arguments; and in the 1990s, an emerging focus on defensive or preventive arguments.
I have read in the newspapers that some irresponsible persons in the U.
S., who are distant relatives of Gagarin nobility, consider I am one of their offsprings.It ultimately positioned our nation as dominant both militarily and in advanced technology applications [...] The Human Face of Space Exploration: A Message of Hope Kenneth Phillips, curator for aerospace science, California Science Center: It mattered not (at least to a 12-year-old) that Gagarin was Russian and lived in a foreign land thousands of miles away.What mattered was that he went to space and lived to tell us all about it [...] Are We Disappointed With Space Exploration?Bush to today's program [...] A Leap Forward: Reaching Beyond All Reasonable Bounds Brewster Shaw, former NASA astronaut, Boeing executive: Human beings have always been explorers.Adventuring into the unknown challenges us to learn and grow.Yet none of these arguments can withstand scrutiny.First, according to the philosophical argument, humanity must venture into and occupy outer space to fulfill an inherent human drive to explore and inhabit unknown realms.Having a vision, and the potential to realize that vision, keeps us alive and confident [...] Tom Wolfe's 'The Right Stuff' and the Idolization of John Glenn Alan Jacobs, professor of English, Wheaton College: It was only when I read Tom Wolfe's , that I came to understand the complex national pathologies that had produced the idolization of Glenn and the (comparative) marginalization of Shepard [...] A New Holiday to Bring Our Little Planet Closer Together Loretta Hidalgo Whitesides, co-creator, Yuri's Night: Yuri's Night is not just a celebration of the past and all of the brave space explorers who have gone before us. The United Nations recorded fewer human rights violations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the first half of 2019, a High Commissioner for Human Rights report found, describing the 3,039 violations as an improvement.The odd thing is that, except for a few discouraging words regarding immense space habitats, I had read during my science-fiction research very few arguments against space; thus, I had been persuaded to oppose human space exploration by its strongest advocates.The sorts of arguments which had this counterproductive effect should be familiar to science fiction readers.